The usage patterns of cellular networks can change dramatically over short periods of time, such as when a large number of people crowd a very small space within a cell's coverage area for only a short period of time. In order to save on costly and inefficient current solutions, the techniques presented herein suggest a Self-Organizing Network (SON)-optimized system of relays as a layer on top of an existing system. Such relays can be deployed ad hoc, such as in the cars of people arriving at a troubled location, to alleviate temporary coverage and load issues. SON will control the activation and deactivation of these ad hoc relays and the joint optimization of both the macro and relay layers.
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Ben Ami, Alon and Dunsky, Tal, "SON-POWERED DYNAMIC OPTIMIZATION OF RELAY LAYER TO ENHANCE COVERAGE AND CAPACITY OF A CELLULAR NETWORK COMBINED WITH CENTRALIZED SON ON MACRO LAYER", Technical Disclosure Commons, (June 14, 2018)