Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a severe, often fatal illness in humans, with an average fatality rate of about 50%, which can rise to 90% during outbreaks. Since its first identification in 1976 near the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of Congo, EVD has led to sporadic, yet devastating outbreaks. The most significant of these occurred recently in West Africa, majorly impacting Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia due to inadequate healthcare systems. This crisis underlines the urgent need for enhanced global health security and international collaboration to manage such diseases effectively. This study analyzes the outbreak and response strategies in these countries, aiming to provide insights into enhancing healthcare systems and responses to EVD and similar global health threats.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.