Screen readers assist the visually impaired by describing the contents of a screen. However, dynamic content and non-standardized layouts are difficult to describe. This disclosure leverages haptic technology and tactile simulation to enable users to feel the content of a screen with their fingers. Window borders, tabs, scroll bars, banner ads, clickable user interface elements, text, images, etc. become accessible to the user not only visually but also via touch. The haptic touchscreen creates an immersive experience for both visually impaired users and users with normal vision. Code and content development for both classes of users is streamlined. In terms of content layout and ease of interactivity, visually impaired users can have a computing experience analogous to the experience of users with normal vision.
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Scharfenberg, Scott, "Haptic Touchscreen", Technical Disclosure Commons, (November 04, 2022)